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Beetles: Beetles make up 40% of all insects and there are eight times as many beetle species as there are fish, amphibian, reptile, bird and mammal species put together. Beetles are extremely diverse and are one of the most successful groups of animals in the world. The huge number of beetle species demonstrates their ability to live in almost any environment. Their front wings ( called elytra) are hard sheaths that protect the beetles’ hind wings and cover the breathing pores. This enables beetles to control their body temperature and retain water. Beetles also have diverse mouthparts, and eat anything from hardwood to the ooze from rotting fungi.

Beetle facts: Over one-quarter of all known species of animals are beetles. There are over 350.000 different known beetle species worldwide and new species are being discovered all the time. Some 1.500 species may occur in the Sydney region. Of the 30.000 species that may occur in Australia, only 20.000 are scientifically described. Beetles eat other insects, fruit, fungi, dead animal and plant material, and wood. Many species live in the nests of other animals.

Beetle Habitat: Beetles can be found in almost all available habitats, including in water. Terrestrial beetles are found: in soil and under rocks On or in flowers, leaves, fruits and seeds in leaf litter Under tree bark in rotting wood On animal carcasses in foodstuffs such as grains in nests of other animals.

Beetle Life Cycle: Beetles are holometabolous. This means that their larvae pupate before emerging as adult insects. Beetle larvae are often referred to as grubs. Beetle grubs are diverse in their shapes and habitats. Most beetle grubs live in concealed habitats, such as underground or inside trees. There are many aquatic species, and few which resemble caterpillars and feed openly on leaves. Many retain segmented legs, although weevil grubs nearly lack legs. Most legless beetle grubs have robust chewing mouthparts and can be distinguished from similarly-shaped fly maggots, which often have modified mouth ” hooks”.

Feeding: Beetles, both adults and grubs, use their chewing mouthparts to eat other insects, fruit, nectar, leaves, fungi, dead animal and plant material, and / or wood. Some beetles form symbiotic relationships with other insects such as termites, ants or bees, living in their nests and either being tolerated or even actively protected and/or fed by their hosts.

Predation and defence: Many beetles produce chemical compounds that protect them against attack from bacteria, fungi and/or predators. Special glands produce these chemicals, which either render the whole beetle unpalatable to predators or are specifically released upon attack. Beetles with these defences are often brightly coloured as a warning to potential predators.

Big Thank You To Larry At Total Control
Manfred Wolfram
5/5 stars
I had an issue with bee's coming in through the light fixtures in my bathroom. I called Larry and since he's local he came shortly after. Larry dealt with the problem quickly and professionally and was very knowledgable and informative. Larry also guarantees his work and will handle the problem should it arise again, however I don't think that will be necessary as its been months and I haven't seen a single bee since. Big thank you to Larry at Total Control.